Catherine Kearns' research project on Cyprus uses an interdisciplinary framework combining archaeological evidence, geophysics, paleoenvironmental analysis, and historical texts to examine the interplay between environmental change and the growth and maintenance of social inequalities. Most recently, this has involved geophysical survey with the Kalavasos and Maroni Built Environments (KAMBE) Project in south-central Cyprus, which investigates patterns of urbanism during the Late Bronze Age; and in 2016 she began intensive work at Iron Age sites in the Vasilikos Valley in order to study the development of countryside settlements and land use practices involved in the transition to the Archaic and Classical periods.